Ricardo Tosto Discusses Some Finer Points of Brazilian Election Law

In Brazil, participation in the electoral process is mandatory for most people. Citizens aged 18 to 70 must vote in elections or they may suffer sanctions for being in violation of electoral law. Because citizens are required to vote at their assigned polling station, it is possible to request a waiver which is to be presented at the nearest polling station. For citizens traveling abroad, there is a 30-day grace period to present an excuse to any polling station upon their .

Brazilians who do not vote in a given election and do not subsequently receive an excuse from an electoral judge in 60 days receive a fine. However, habitual offenders face stiffer penalties. Any citizen under obligation to vote who fails to participate in three consecutive elections has a 6-month grace period to request an excuse from the Regional Elections Court. If an excuse is not granted, the citizen’s voter registration will be canceled. Citizens with canceled registration cannot hold elected office or hold employment in government at any level. There are additional sanctions, including the inability to be issued identification or a passport.

Ricardo Tosto is the founder of one of Brazil’s premier law firms, Ricardo Tosto& Associates. Ricardo Tosto is active as a litigator in several areas of the law, including elections and constitutional law. A graduate of the McKenzie Presbyterian University, he also has a host of publications to his name and is a member of a number of international legal organizations.

In addition to his legal career, Ricardo Tosto is highly regarded as a historical writer. He is a strong believer in lifelong learning and actively mentors young lawyers as they begin their careers. Ricardo Tosto has been in private practice for more than twenty years and has built one of Sao Paulo’s most respected law firms.

Sujit Choundry’s Accomplishments As A Comparative Law Expert

Practicing law in more than one country is challenging, as each country has unique legislation. However, laws of two countries tend to be similar if one of the two borrows some laws from the other. This is especially prevalent among nations that had previous connections such as colonialism. The study of the differences and similarities in the laws of two different countries is called comparative law. Comparative law experts have thorough knowledge of the existing legislation in the countries involved. An example of such a professional is Sujit Choudhry.

The modern comparative law originated in Europe in the 18th century. However, scholars who lived long before that had always practiced various methodologies of comparative law. Montesquieu is recognized as the pioneer of modern law. The third chapter of his book, De L’espirit des Lois, is a good example of his insights on the branch of law. The book was published in 1784. Other people who have greatly contributed to comparative law are Sir Henry James Sumner Maines of Oxford University and Rudolf Schlesinger of Cornell Law School.

Over the last two centuries, comparative law has evolved with several disciplines being developed from it. Some of the key subjects are comparative administrative law, comparative constitutional law, comparative commercial law, and comparative criminal law. These branches of comparative law are distinct, and enjoy a considerable degree of independence from each other.

Comparative law serves many purposes. First, it helps one to attain a deeper knowledge of particular legal systems. Secondly, it is a critical tool in perfecting legal systems and forms the basis of developing a unifying legal system such as UNIDROIT initiative

Sujit Choudhry

Sujit Choudhry is a comparative constitutional lawyer. He has an internationally recognized authority. The professor is known for his ability to undertake wide-ranging research and combine it with his experience to come up with credible and efficient solutions. Sujit’s expertise in providing constitutional building solutions has transformed countries from violent conflicts to peaceful democratic processes. He has played an integral role in the constitution-building processes in Jordan, Egypt, South Africa, Nepal, Ukraine, and Tunisia.

Currently, the comparative constitutional lawyer is the I. Michael Heyman Professor of Law (University of California). He is also the founder and faculty director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions. Previously, he worked as a law professor at New York University and the University of Toronto. Sujit has a law degree from the University of Toronto and a master’s degree from Harvard Law School. He also has a Bachelor of Arts in Law degree from the University of Oxford.

Find Books by Sujit Choudhry on Amazon.com.